# Cotorsion-free group

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An Abelian group is cotorsion-free if it does not contain any non-zero cotorsion group. More explicitly, this means that it contains no subgroup isomorphic to the additive group of rational numbers, or to the additive group of -adic integers for any prime , and contains no cyclic group of prime order (thus, it is torsion-free). Equivalently, an Abelian group is cotorsion-free if and only if , where denotes the completion of the group of integers in its -adic topology. Cotorsion-free rings are rings (cf. Ring) whose additive groups are cotorsion-free Abelian groups. These rings play a distinguished role in the realization of rings as endomorphism rings of Abelian groups.
The celebrated theorem of Corner [a1] states that any countable cotorsion-free ring with identity is isomorphic to the endomorphism ring of a countable reduced torsion-free Abelian group . Moreover, if the additive group of has finite rank , then can be chosen to have rank at most . Corner's theorem has been generalized in various directions, notably to rings of arbitrary cardinality. The best result is due to R. Göbel and S. Shelah [a3]: Let be a cotorsion-free ring with identity and a cardinal number such that . There are cotorsion-free groups of cardinality whose endomorphism rings are isomorphic to such that for .
These results have several applications to the construction of counterexamples for torsion-free Abelian groups, e.g. to Kaplansky's test problems. Another consequence is the existence of arbitrarily large indecomposable Abelian groups. There is a topological version of the above theorem. If the endomorphism ring of an Abelian group is equipped with the finite topology, then it becomes a complete Hausdorff topological ring (cf. also Hausdorff space). The Corner–Göbel theorem [a2] states that a topological ring with identity is isomorphic to the finitely topologized endomorphism ring of a cotorsion-free Abelian group if and only if is complete Hausdorff in its topology and admits a base of neighbourhoods of consisting of left ideals such that is cotorsion-free (the endomorphisms act on the left). The Göbel–Shelah theorem [a3] generalizes to cotorsion-free algebras over commutative domains. The proof relies on the most useful black box principle.