Compatibility of summation methods

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A property of summation methods that describes the consistency of the results of applying these methods. Two methods and are compatible if they cannot sum the same sequence or series to different limits, otherwise they are called incompatible summation methods. More precisely, let and be summation methods of sequences say, and let and be their summability fields. Then and are compatible if


for any , where and are the numbers to which is summed by and , respectively. For example, all the Cesàro summation methods are compatible for , and so is every regular Voronoi summation method.

If is some set of sequences and for every , then one says that and are compatible on . and are said to be completely compatible (for real sequences) if (*) also holds in case one includes in their summability fields the sequences summable by these methods to and .


[1] G.H. Hardy, "Divergent series" , Clarendon Press (1949)
[2] R.G. Cooke, "Infinite matrices and sequence spaces" , Macmillan (1950)


The Voronoi summation methods are in the Western literature called Nörlund summation methods, despite the fact that G.F. Voronoi was the first to introduce these methods (1901). N.E. Nörlund later (1920), independently, rediscovered them.


[a1] K. Zeller, W. Beekmann, "Theorie der Limitierungsverfahren" , Springer (1970)
How to Cite This Entry:
Compatibility of summation methods. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by I.I. Volkov (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article