# Archimedean class

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

A class resulting from the subdivision induced by the Archimedean equivalence relation on a totally ordered semi-group. This equivalence is defined as follows. Two elements $a$ and $b$ of a semi-group $S$ are called Archimedean equivalent if one of the following four relations is satisfied:

$$\begin{array}{ll} a \leq b \leq a ^ {n} ,\ &b \leq a \leq b ^ {n} ,\ \\ a ^ {n} \leq b \leq a , &b ^ {n} \leq a \leq b ; \\ \end{array}$$

which amounts to saying that $a$ and $b$ generate the same convex sub-semi-group in $S$. Thus, the subdivision into Archimedean classes is a subdivision into pairwise non-intersecting convex sub-semi-groups. Moreover, each subdivision into pairwise non-intersecting convex sub-semi-groups, can be extended to a subdivision into Archimedean classes.

The Archimedean equivalence on a totally ordered group is induced by the Archimedean equivalence of its positive cone: It is considered that $a \sim b$ if there exist positive integers $m$ and $n$ such that

$$| a | < | b | ^ {m} \ \textrm{ and } \ \ | b | < | a | ^ {n} ,$$

where

$$| x | = \max \{ x , x ^ {-1} \} .$$

The positive cone of an Archimedean group consists of a single Archimedean class.

How to Cite This Entry:
Archimedean class. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Archimedean_class&oldid=45211
This article was adapted from an original article by O.A. Ivanova (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article