# Affine morphism

A morphism of schemes such that the pre-image of any open affine subscheme in is an affine scheme. The scheme is called an affine -scheme.

Let be a scheme, let be a quasi-coherent sheaf of -algebras and let be open affine subschemes in which form a covering of . Then the glueing of the affine schemes determines an affine -scheme, denoted by . Conversely, any affine -scheme definable by an affine morphism is isomorphic (as a scheme over ) to the scheme . The set of -morphisms of an -scheme into the affine -scheme is in bijective correspondence with the homomorphisms of the sheaves of -algebras .

Closed imbeddings of schemes or arbitrary morphisms of affine schemes are affine morphisms; other examples of affine morphisms are entire morphisms and finite morphisms. Thus the morphism of normalization of a scheme is an affine morphism. Under composition and base change the property of a morphism to be an affine morphism is preserved.

#### References

[1] | A. Grothendieck, "The cohomology theory of abstract algebraic varieties" , Proc. Internat. Math. Congress Edinburgh, 1958 , Cambridge Univ. Press (1960) pp. 103–118 |

[2] | J. Dieudonné, A. Grothendieck, "Elements de géometrie algébrique" Publ. Math. IHES , 4 (1960) |

#### Comments

is a finite morphism if there exist a covering of by affine open subschemes such that is affine for all and such that the ring of is finitely generated as a module over the ring of . The morphism is entire if is entire over , i.e. if every integral over , which means that it is a root of a monic polynomial with coefficients in , or, equivalently, if for each the module is a finitely-generated module over .

#### References

[a1] | R. Hartshorne, "Algebraic geometry" , Springer (1977) |

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Affine morphism.

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Affine_morphism&oldid=19150