# Absolutely integrable function

A function such that its absolute value is integrable. If a function is Riemann-integrable on the segment , , its absolute value is also Riemann-integrable on this interval, and

A similar assertion is also valid for a function of variables which is Riemann-integrable on a cube-filled domain in the -dimensional Euclidean space. The converse theorem for Riemann-integrable functions is not true: The function which is equal to 1 for rational values of and is equal to for irrational values of is not Riemann-integrable, but its absolute value is integrable. The situation is different for Lebesgue-integrable functions: A Lebesgue-measurable function is Lebesgue-integrable (Lebesgue-summable) on a measurable set in the -dimensional space if and only if its absolute value is Lebesgue-integrable on this set. The following inequality is valid:

In the case of improper one-dimensional Riemann or Lebesgue integrals on a half-open interval , (provided that the function is, respectively, Riemann-integrable or Lebesgue-integrable on any segment , ), the existence of the improper integral of the absolute value of the function,

implies the existence of the integral

but the converse statement is not true (cf. Absolutely convergent improper integral). In this connection it should be noted that, if the improper integral

exists, then is Lebesgue-integrable on , and its improper integral is equal to the Lebesgue integral.

In the case of functions of several (more than one) variables, improper integrals are usually so defined that the existence of the improper integral of the absolute value of a function is equivalent to the existence of the improper integral of the function itself.

Let the values of a function be in some Banach space with norm . The function is then called absolutely integrable on a measurable set if the integral

exists; also, if is integrable on , the relationship

is true.

#### References

[1] | V.A. Il'in, E.G. Poznyak, "Fundamentals of mathematical analysis" , 1–2 , MIR (1982) (Translated from Russian) |

[2] | L.D. Kudryavtsev, "Mathematical analysis" , 1 , Moscow (1973) (In Russian) |

[3] | S.M. Nikol'skii, "A course of mathematical analysis" , 1 , MIR (1977) (Translated from Russian) |

[4] | L. Schwartz, "Cours d'analyse" , 1 , Hermann (1967) |

#### Comments

#### References

[a1] | H.L. Royden, "Real analysis" , Macmillan (1968) |

[a2] | A.C. Zaanen, "Integration" , North-Holland (1967) |

[a3] | W. Rudin, "Principles of mathematical analysis" , McGraw-Hill (1953) |

[a4] | W. Rudin, "Real and complex analysis" , McGraw-Hill (1966) pp. 98 |

[a5] | A.E. Taylor, "General theory of functions and integration" , Blaisdell (1965) |

[a6] | C.D. Aliprantz, O. Burleinshaw, "Principles of real analysis" , North-Holland (1981) |

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Absolutely integrable function.

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Absolutely_integrable_function&oldid=16778